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Programmes

Laos

Formerly colonized by France in French Indochina, Laos’s (Lao People's Democratic Republic) autonomy was recognized in 1946, and the country became a constitutional monarchy in 1947. Between 1964 and 1973, the conflict between the United States and North Vietnam gave rise to the intensive bombing of a wide strip of ​​the territory (the Ho Chi Minh trail). In 1975, the Lao monarchy was abolished and the Lao People's Democratic Republic was officially proclaimed, causing the exodus of the country's elite, mainly to Thailand. For more than 20 years, through liberalization aimed to turn the country from a planned economy to a market economy, Laos has been developing rapidly, driven by sustained economic growth.

Despite a strong growth rate, Laos is one of the poorest countries in Southeast Asia (23.2%¹ of the Lao population lives below the poverty line). A five-year national socio-economic development plan (2011-2015) has been drawn up to bring Laos out of the Least Developed Countries by 2020, and thus to enable it to industrialize and modernize. According to IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development), three-quarters of the population rely on agriculture and natural resources. Khammouane Province is one of the most vulnerable areas of the country in terms of food security. Moreover, Laos is often the victim of major natural disasters, causing serious problems of food insecurity.

Triangle Génération Humanitaire has been operating in Laos since 2005 under the decentralized cooperation agreement between the Auvergne Rhône-Alpes Region (formerly the Rhône-Alpes Region) and the Khammouane Province. Funding from the Auvergne Rhône-Alpes Region has helped to support vulnerable populations living in the area, notably through programmes supporting production and agricultural irrigation: development of irrigation infrastructure during the dry and rainy seasons in order to increase and secure production; support to community water management mechanisms. In the water and sanitation sector, TGH also worked for improved access to safe drinking water and hygiene in 15 villages in the Bualapha District. Today, the emphasis is on the development of sustainable practices in the agricultural sector with the introduction of agro-ecology.

¹ World Bank, 2012

Completed Programmes

laos

On 24th of November 2016 took place the closing ceremony of Triangle Génération Humanitaire (TGH) project "Towards sustainable improvement of environmental sanitation and of access to safe water"

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laos

Triangle Génération Humanitaire celebrates Global Handwashing Day in Lao PDR

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Supporting the development of sustainable agricultural practices in the context of agricultural intensification

The approach proposed in the village of Ban Tahae consists in supporting farming communities in the implementation of sustainable practices, by increasing awareness of the impact of chemical inputs on production. The action provides training on a reasoned approach to agriculture.

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 Area of expertise:

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 117 households
 Duration: 6 months 1/01/2017 - 30/06/2017
 Budget: €50 000

 Funding:

Region-Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes
  • Funding: Auvergne Rhône-Alpes Region
  • Number of beneficiaries: 117 households, including 701 direct beneficiaries + 6,586 indirect beneficiaries reached by reasoned agriculture (sales on local markets)
  • Partner: DAFo / PAFo

Laos is currently experiencing rapid economic changes, and the agricultural sector is no exception. In previous assessments and actions carried out by TGH, needs have been identified in terms of farming practices: the programme implemented meets both these needs and the priorities defined in the framework of Lao national strategies for rural support.

The trend is towards the increase in agricultural production, including through irrigation during the dry season, which induces intensive agriculture intended for sale on the local market. Optimizing production requires increased use of chemical inputs, which can have a negative impact on the environment, on farmers, and consumers.

TGH's action aims at mitigating this risk through informing / raising awareness among all the producers in the area of ​​Nam Kata on the prolonged and unreasoned use of these inputs (soil nitrification, disappearance of auxiliary fauna, intoxication of users and consumers).

This programme, set up in the village of Ban Tahae, district of Bualapha - Khammouane Province, benefits to the farming community of the village - which counts 117 households - and has two main components: strengthening community organizations and improving agricultural practices in terms of reasoned agriculture.

A producer group trained on reasoned agriculture (GPAR) and a promotion center dedicated to reasoned agriculture (CPAR) and to the production of organic inputs will be created. The producers (volunteers) will ensure the promotion of reasoned agriculture. The Center will be equipped with production equipment (straw choppers, storage tanks, etc.) and will help produce, compile and store a whole range of organic inputs to address the problems related to production yields. Concurrently, TGH will organize an awareness campaign for the community on the use of chemical inputs and their impacts (on the environment, health, finances and crops), as well as the training of the producer groups on improved agricultural practices. In order to put the theory into practice, a tree nursery will be established for the preparation of organic inputs. Finally, the producer groups will take part in a study tour that will transmit new knowledge to all the villagers.

At the end of the programme, the agricultural yields in the village will have increased sustainably.

water access programme in the areas of Nassalone and Nam Kata

Improving access to water in two schools and in the health center in the Nassalone area and in a village of Nam Kata.

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 Area of expertise:

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 4 118 people¹
 Duration: 8 months 04/2016 - 12/2016
 Budget: €42 000

 Funding:

SIGEIF
  • Funding: Syndicat Intercommunal pour le Gaz et l'Électricité en Ile-de-France (SIGEIF)
  • Number of beneficiaries: 4 118 people¹ (direct or indirect beneficiaries)
  • Partner: Nam Sa at (Department under the Ministry of Health, responsible for the environment and for access to water in rural areas)
New water tower - health center

New water tower - health center
Photo : TGH ©

This programme is part of the overall Water, Hygiene and Sanitation (WASH) project in the district of Boualapha in Khammouane Province.

Firstly, it concerns access to water in the Nassalone area, with the construction of three new boreholes intended to supply:

  • The health center of Ban Mai Vangngeuk, which currently has no access to drinking water. The borehole that has been built, equipped with a submersible pump feeding a 1000 liter tank and complemented by a mini distribution network that supplies various points of the health center (latrine, shower, treatment room and outside tap), helps improve the living and working conditions of the nursing staff, and the hygiene and patient reception conditions.
    An electrical connection has been achieved as well as an independent connection for the pump. Basic tools and spare parts for the network and the pump were given to the health center. The old tank, which had never been used for lack of budget for the setting up of the drilling and the network, is used to collect rainwater.
  • The secondary school of Ban Pakouey and the primary school of Ban Mai Vangngeuk, each of which benefited from the construction of a borehole equipped with a hand pump (Afridev). Basic hygiene is thus improved in those schools, including the use of latrines.
Connecting to a pump - health center

Connecting to a pump - health center
Photo : TGH ©

Furthermore, the programme includes the creation of a water network in the village of Ban Napoung. A borehole was drilled in May 2016 during the dry season, and was equipped with a submersible pump to power a concrete tank distributing water to 8 water points disseminated throughout the district. Currently under construction, this network will be implemented with the participation of villagers, under the supervision of a TGH technician.

The use of water requires some knowledge. Therefore, TGH will train the population to the main good hygiene practices: use of water, hand washing, use of latrines and protection of the immediate environment.

A WASH committee is being formed, and will be in charge of the financial and technical management of the network. Some of its members will be responsible for assessing the hygiene conditions in the village and their improvement through awareness sessions with the population.

A kit of tools and spare parts will be provided to the committee to deal with potential problems on the network.

¹ The total number of beneficiaries is the number of people attending the Nassalone health center (3 153 people) to which we added the number of pupils in the two schools and the number of people benefiting from the water network in Napoung (a district of Ban Napoung), representing a total of 4 122 beneficiaries.

Capacity building of local authorities for the definition and implementation of a strategy for agricultural irrigation in Khammouane Province, in Laos – Phase 3

Since 2013, TGH has been conducting a capacity building program of local authorities in Khammouane Province in order to achieve rice self-sufficiency and promote crop diversification to reduce the poverty of the inhabitants of the area.

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 Area of expertise:

Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 931 inhabitants
 Duration: 8 months 09/2015 - 04/2016
 Budget: €120,000

 Funding:

Logo RegionRhoneAlpes
  • Funding: Rhône-Alpes Region
  • Number of beneficiaries: 931 inhabitants (total number of inhabitants in the village of Na Kheu)
  • Partner: PAFO / DAFOs (Agriculture and Forestry Offices at Province and District levels)

This project (phase 3) is an extension of the previous projects (phases 1 and 2) and the continuation of TGH's intervention in the food security sector in the Na Kheu area (district of Hiboun).

The objectives of this project are:

  • To increase irrigated surfaces of land during the dry season;
  • To allow a second harvest and crop diversification;
  • To strengthen local capacities of Lao agricultural technical departments and of farmers benefitting from this project for a better management of resources.

Based on its experience, and in close coordination with the DAFOs / PAFOs in charge, TGH proposes to implement the following activities:

Construction de digue

Construction of the 38 meters long dyke on the right bank
Photo : Margot Petitpierre / TGH ©

  • Extension of irrigated surfaces of land (approximately 30 ha) through the construction of 1km of additional canals complementing the ones achieved in the previous project (phase 2);

    The Na Kheu agricultural basin lacks adequate infrastructure to function optimally. TGH helps the DAFO/PAFO services extend the irrigated surfaces of land through the construction of 1 km of additional canals allowing the use of 30 extra hectares during the dry season.

  • Agricultural support for the new beneficiaries in the area and follow-up of the beneficiaries of the previous project (impact assessment);

    At the level of Na Kheu, the implementation of an agricultural activity during the dry season will have a positive impact on natural resources. Poor and isolated communities draw their wood and game, for sale and consumption, in the surrounding forests. This uncontrolled management of resources represents a serious risk. Strengthening local capacities (authorities and village communities) and agricultural techniques is necessary for the development of a sustainable management of agriculture and local resources.
    Triangle G H will monitor the rice production activities of the 2015 wet season with the farmers living in the area. Then, the NGO will support farmers in their first off-season production campaign. Finally, TGH will organize exchange visits and training to develop and strengthen integrated innovative agricultural techniques.

  • Construction de digue

    Field visit in the presence of the DAFO and PAFO of the dam construction site near the Kong Keng River
    Photo : Margot Petitpierre / TGH ©

  • Continuity of the capacity building of local authorities on the basis of knowledge gained from the implementation of the project in 2013.

    Strengthening the operational capacity of intervention of the local authorities is a key objective of the project.
    The DAFO / PAFOs technical teams will be involved in each phase of the construction site preparation process.

    At the request of DAFO / PAFO technicians, TGH will organize training sessions dedicated to the development of tools for a qualitative and quantitative monitoring of activities but also to the taking into account of the consequences (positive or negative) of the implementation of a project. At the end of the training, an evaluation guide will be drafted with the DAFO / PAFOs. This guide will enable the monitoring of key activities and the assessment of their main impacts:
    • Agricultural: diversification, yields, techniques,
    • Environmental: use of forest resources, condition of cultivated soils, water quality,
    • Economic: product marketing, diversification of income-generating activities,
    • Social: grouping of producers, establishment of committees, and exchange of experiences.

At the end of the project, based on the impact evaluation guide, TGH and the DAFO / PAFO teams will carry-out a general assessment of the impacts of the previous 2013-2015 project (phase 2).

Sustainable improvement of sanitary conditions and access to water in 15 remote villages in the district of Bualapha in Khammouane Province in Laos. Phase 2

This program aims to provide rural villages of the district of Bualapha in Khammouane Province with sustainable water and sanitation facilities and train local actors in the management of water points and in hygiene promotion.

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 Area of expertise:

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 2,970 people
 Duration: 12 months 09/2015 - 08/2016
 Budget global: €535 000

 Funding:

Logo RegionRhoneAlpes eauRMC
  • Funding: Région Rhône-Alpes and Agence de l'Eau Rhône Méditerranée Corse
  • Budget global: €535 000
  • Number of direct beneficiaries:
    • Approximately 2,970 people (100% of the population) will have access to sustainable drinking water (phase 1 and 2);
    • 412 households (approximately 80% of the 515 target households) will have access to sustainable adequate sanitation facilities
  • Number of indirect beneficiaries:
    • The 3 Nam Saat agents.
    • The population living near the same river (the Nam Se Noi and its tributaries) than the target villages, or downstream
  • Duration and start date of the action:
    Total duration: 30 months.
    Phase 1 (completed): 18 months. From January 1st, 2014 to June 30th, 2015
    Phase 2: 12 months. From September 1st, 2015 to August 31st, 2016.
  • Partners: Nam Saat (Lao government Department responsible for the environment and access to water), village committees, local authorities of the District and the Province

Drilling in Ban Mai Nong Nyo, mars 2015 // Photo : Joël Terville / TGH ©

CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation) awareness session, Ban Nam Ok Hou, March 2015 // Photo : Amandine Arduin / TGH ©

CLTS awareness-raising session, Ban Nam Ok Hou // Photo : Amandine Arduin / TGH ©

Learning how to wash hands and educational games with children, School of Ban Nam Ok Hou // Photo : Amandine Arduin / TGH ©

Learning how to wash hands and educational games with children, School of Ban Nam Ok Hou // Photo : Amandine Arduin / TGH ©

Games educational with the children, School of Ban Nam Ok Hou // Photo : Amandine Arduin / TGH ©

The shells of the Vietnam War are everywhere. They are used as tubs, storage place or garden boxes // Photo : Joël TERVILLE / TGH ©

The shells of the Vietnam War are everywhere. They are used as tubs, storage place or garden boxes // Photo : Joël TERVILLE / TGH ©

Drilling in Ban Mai Nong Nyo, mars 2015 // Photo : Joël Terville / TGH ©

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The current project aims to sustainably improve the sanitary environment and access to water in remote villages of the district of Bualapha in Khammouane Province in Laos. Phase 2, presented here, is the continuation of phase 1 of the project started by TGH in Laos in January 2014.

The project is thus divided into 2 phases:

  • Phase 1: 7 villages from January 2014 to end of June 2015, 18 months
  • Phase 2: 8 villages from September 2015 to end of August 2016, 12 months

The population of the villages targeted during phases 1 and 2 of the project has no access to drinking water and live in poor sanitary conditions. The river water, untreated, is the main source of water used by the people living in the area, and risky hygiene practices are widespread. There is a lack of latrines, exposing people to serious health risks. The income of the population is very low and insufficient to ensure food security.

TGH's program aims to sustainably improve access to safe water and to basic sanitation facilities in the 8 villages targeted in phase 2, along 3 axes:

Capacity building of local actors

TGH is currently setting-up and training village Committees in charge of the management of water points in each of the 8 target villages. The committees are trained to ensure the proper use of the new facilities and their maintenance via an ad hoc fundraising system. Technicians from Nam Saat, the national service in charge of access to water in rural areas, are also trained to improve the analysis of water quality.

Sustainable improvement of access to drinking water in the 8 target villages

Drilling is underway in each of the 8 villages for populations to have sustainable access to drinking water. One of the constraints of the project area that TGH had to consider is the presence of unexploded bombs or ordnances from the Vietnam War. A demining work was carried out before the starting of the drilling to ensure the safety of the various drilling sites.

Improving the control of health risk vectors

"CLTS launching" sessions (Community Led Total Sanitation) are performed in the 8 identified villages to raise population's awareness on the importance of the use of latrines. The CLTS approach allows local communities to analyze their sanitation conditions and to collectively become aware of the impact of the absence of latrines on public health. This participatory approach helps encourage a collective and rapid local action from the communities. The TGH team initiated and followed the construction of latrines in the villages and public latrines will soon be built in schools.

Theatrical performance of hygiene promotion

Awareness-raising campaigns on good hygiene practices are organized in order to address all the issues related to personal hygiene as well as good practices related to the use of water. In addition, hygiene kits will be distributed to households having built their latrines, in order to initiate some hygiene habits among villagers on the use and maintenance of latrines and on hand washing.

Sustainable improvement of sanitary conditions and access to water in 17 remote villages in the District of Bualapha in Khammouane Province in Laos – Phase 1

This programme aims to provide 17 rural villages with sustainable water and sanitation facilities, and train local actors in the management of water points and hygiene promotion.

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 Area of expertise:

Wash

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: 2,757 people
 Duration: 19 months 03/2014 - 09/2015
 Budget: € 310,000

 Funding:

Logo RegionRhoneAlpes eauMC
  • Funding: Rhône-Alpes Region, RMC Water Agency
  • Number of beneficiaries: The whole population of the Nassalone area (2,757 people)
  • Partners: Nam Saat (Lao government Department responsible for the environment and access to water), village committees, local authorities of the District and the Province

Drilling in Ban Mai Nong Nyo, mars 2015 // Photo : Joël Terville / TGH ©

CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation) awareness session, Ban Nam Ok Hou, March 2015 // Photo : Amandine Arduin / TGH ©

CLTS awareness-raising session, Ban Nam Ok Hou // Photo : Amandine Arduin / TGH ©

Learning how to wash hands and educational games with children, School of Ban Nam Ok Hou // Photo : Amandine Arduin / TGH ©

Learning how to wash hands and educational games with children, School of Ban Nam Ok Hou // Photo : Amandine Arduin / TGH ©

Games educational with the children, School of Ban Nam Ok Hou // Photo : Amandine Arduin / TGH ©

The shells of the Vietnam War are everywhere. They are used as tubs, storage place or garden boxes // Photo : Joël TERVILLE / TGH ©

The shells of the Vietnam War are everywhere. They are used as tubs, storage place or garden boxes // Photo : Joël TERVILLE / TGH ©

Drilling in Ban Mai Nong Nyo, mars 2015 // Photo : Joël Terville / TGH ©

Photo précédente Photo suivante

The population of the villages targeted during the phase 1 of the project has no access to drinking water and live in poor sanitary conditions. The river water, untreated, is the main source of water used by the inhabitants of the area, and risky hygiene practices are widespread. There is a lack of latrines, exposing people to serious health risks. The incomes of the population are very small, insufficient to ensure food security.

TGH's programme aims to sustainably improve access to safe water and to basic sanitation facilities in the 8 villages targeted in phase 1, along 3 axes:

Capacity building of local actors
TGH is currently setting-up and training Village Committees in charge of the management of water points in each of the 8 targeted villages. The committees are trained to ensure the proper use of the new facilities and their maintenance via an ad hoc fundraising system. Technicians from Nam Saat, the national services in charge of the access to water in rural areas, are also trained to improve the analysis of water quality.

Sustainable improvement of access to drinking water in the 8 targeted villages
Drilling is underway in each of the 8 villages for populations to have sustainable access to drinking water. TGH had to consider one of the constraints of the project area which is the presence of unexploded bombs or ordnances from the Vietnam War. A demining work was carried out before the start of the drilling to ensure the safety of the various drilling locations.

Improving the control of health risk vectors
"CLTS launching" sessions (Community Led Total Sanitation) are performed in the 8 identified villages to raise population's awareness on the importance of the use of latrines. The CLTS approach allows local communities to analyze their sanitation conditions and to collectively become aware of the impact of the absence of latrines on public health. This participatory approach helps encourage a collective and rapid local action from the communities. The TGH team initiated and followed the construction of latrines in the villages and public latrines will soon be built in schools.

Awareness-raising campaigns on good hygiene practices are organized in order to address all the issues related to personal hygiene as well as good practices related to the use of water. In addition, hygiene kits will be distributed to households having built their latrines, in order to initiate some hygiene habits among villagers on the use and maintenance of latrines and on hand washing.

Capacity building of local authorities for the definition and implementation of a strategy for agricultural irrigation in Khammouane Province – Phase2

Since 2013, TGH has been conducting a capacity building programme of local authorities in Khammouane Province in order to achieve rice self-sufficiency and promote crop diversification in order to reduce the poverty of the inhabitants of the area.

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 Area of expertise:

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures

 Beneficiaries: The total population
 Duration: 32 months 03/2013 – 10/2015
 Budget: €298, 900

 Funding:

Logo RegionRhoneAlpes
Construction de digue

Construction of the 38 meters long dyke on the right bank
Photo : Margot Petitpierre / TGH ©

  • Funding: Rhône-Alpes Region
  • Number of beneficiaries: The total population of the Khammouane Province
  • Partners: DAFO/ PAFO (Agriculture and Forestry Offices at District and Province levels)
Construction de digue

Field visit in the presence of the DAFO and PAFO of the dam construction site near the Kong Keng River
Photo : Margot Petitpierre / TGH ©

The main objective of this programme is to further strengthen the capacities of local authorities in the implementation of their agricultural irrigation strategy for Khammouane province.

The PAFO/ DAFOs¹ in charge of irrigation cruelly lack technical, human and logistical resources to develop an irrigation strategy adapted to the needs of the Province inhabitants. TGH supports them along 3 axes:

The introduction of dry season and rainy season irrigation systems
TGH and the PAFO/ DAFOs identified priority areas for the development of irrigation systems enabling farmers to increase their rice production. Infrastructure (dikes and dams) is under construction.

Diversification of market gardening
Together with the PAFO/ DAFOs, TGH supports farmers in Khammouane Province in crop diversification so that they associate other vegetable crops and/ or breeding activities to the cultivation of rice in order to improve their livelihoods.

Strengthening the operational capacities of PAFO/DAFOs’ services
TGH supports the PAFO/DAFOs through technical support for the construction of irrigation infrastructure (development of the strategy and provision of technical equipment). In order to make project management sustainable, TGH sets-up training sessions on the design of irrigation works.

¹ PAFO/ DAFOs: Province/District Agriculture and Forestry Office.

Assistance programme for vulnerable populations affected by typhon Haima

The project aims to restore decent living conditions for populations affected by the typhoon.

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 Area of expertise

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures


 Duration: 13 months 05/2012 - 06/2013
 Budget: € 250.000

 Funding

Commision Europeenne
  • Funding: ECHO (Humanitarian Aid Department of the European Commission)
Vaccination des poules par l'équipe du DAFO

The DAFO team vaccinating chicken
Photo : TGH ©

It consists of two main activities: allocating lump sums in cash in order to enable vulnerable families to meet their food needs, especially during the main growing season, and restoring breeding and agricultural production capacities through the provision of inputs and technical training.

Thus, the project aims to address emergency needs, while preparing for the future.

Emergency assistance to households affected by the typhoon in order to meet their food needs:

  • Preliminary study to better understand the response mechanisms of populations facing crises, and definition of vulnerability criteria in consultation with local and provincial authorities.
  • Distribution of lump sums amounting to 1 month of food for all households in the area, and to 3.5 months for 727 households identified as being the most vulnerable (with a disabled person or a child under five years of age).
  • Monitoring and assessment of cash distributions: introduction of a complaints mechanism, qualitative assessment of the results of this action (use of the money for households).

Restoring and enhancing the means of agricultural production

  • Distribution of gardening kits and technical support: distribution of vegetable seeds and technical support by the TGH team.
  • Supporting breeding activities: distribution of chicken and chicken feed, technical support and training by the project team and the DAFO.

Capacity building of local authorities in the definition and implementation of a strategy for agricultural irrigation (Khammouane Province)

The development of Khammouane Province in Laos is a priority for agricultural Services. The aim is to achieve rice self-sufficiency, crop diversification and, consequently, to reduce local poverty.

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 Area of expertise

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures


 Duration: 19 months 12/2011 - 06/2013
 Budget: € 146, 490

 Funding

Logo RegionRhoneAlpes
  • Funding: Rhône-Alpes region

To date, the DAFO / PAFO (provincial and district agriculture offices) in charge of this project is sorely lacking in technical and human means to achieve an irrigation strategy. TGH will rely on previous experiences of implementing adapted irrigation systems to support the DAFO / PAFO, specifically:

  • Evaluate and compare irrigation systems developed in previous projects,
  • Develop and publish a report on irrigation in Laos,
  • Map Khammouane Province and identify sites that can accommodate an irrigation infrastructure,
  • Provide technical support to the duplication of these projects,
  • Build capacity of local authorities and their teams.

Food Safety in Bualapha District – Province of Khammouane

The objective of the project is to improve food safety by optimising the irrigation of paddy-fields during the rainy season.

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 Area of expertise

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures


 Duration: 15 months 03/2010 - 05/2011)
 Budget: € 213,495

 Funding

Logo RegionRhoneAlpes
  • Funding: Rhône-Alpes region

Cultivation can thus be launched earlier in the year and the work time dedicated to planting can be better spread out. We should see an increase of production (longer vegetative period) and of land surfaces per farmer. In addition, an optimal level of water in the paddy-fields favours rice growth while avoiding the proliferation of weeds.

TGH aims to achieve an average yield increase of one ton per hectare, thus reaching an average yield of 2,5 tons per hectare on cultivated land. At the same time, this project will focus on the preparation of an extra 120 hectares of land for rice growing in areas that are not yet cultivated.

TGH plans to rehabilitate two dams and build four new gabion sills as well as 15 small ones. These works are easy to use, do not demand the purchase of extra equipment or fertilizer and contribute to preserving the rice variety generally grown. These small irrigation systems are easily exploitable by small communities (about thirty families) and present both technical and environmental benefits.

The project is being developed in collaboration with the local Farming Services (PAFO) and with the participation of target communities. The project will benefit 250 farming families and lead to an increase of rice production for 1,405 inhabitants.

Integrated rural development in the east of Khammouane province

Owing to their geographical location on the riverbank, the ten villages targeted in this programme suffer from terrible flooding in the rainy season. The construction of the Nam Theun II dam, upstream of the villages, will raise the water level and further increase the population’s difficulties.

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 Area of expertise

Wash Agro-Secu-Alimentaire

 Key figures


 Duration: 36 months 05/2006 - 05/2009
 Budget: K€ 817,5

 Funding

Logo RegionRhoneAlpes Logo MAE
  • Funding: Rhône-Alpes Region, SIGEIF (Inter-communal Syndicate for Gas &, Electricity in the Ile-de-France region), MAAIONG (French Foreign Affairs Ministry)

Annual production of rice fails to cover the food needs of its population (3,193 people). With extremely low monthly revenue, the villagers can only hope to cover the most basic of needs and good living conditions are hard to come by. However, the region has a real potential, especially in the areas of agriculture and tourism.

In response to these observations, Triangle is implementing a reliable, sustainable irrigation system to serve the paddy fields. The programme, run in partnership with the PAFO (Provincial Bureau of Agriculture and Forests), will allow rice growers to produce a second harvest in the dry season and thus guarantee food autonomy.

Construction of irrigation canals in Gnomalath

Construction of irrigation canals in Gnomalath
Photo : Simon Gougis / TGH ©

Secondly, in collaboration with local producers, we are triggering diversification of cultures to help optimise production. Part of this programme will be dedicated to finding ways of improving commercialisation/sale of new crops (e.g. alternatives to rice).

And to conclude, we are establishing other income-generating activities to raise local people’s revenue and improve their living conditions.

  • Funding: Région Rhône-Alpes
  • Global budget: €116,5 thousand
  • Duration: 12 months, starting May 1, 2009

This programme represents a one-year extension of the previous operation aiming to improve food security in Khammouane province by increasing local production, supporting marketing processes and lines, and strengthening local capacities.

Project achievements:

  • Strengthen the operating acquisitions of the water management committees for irrigation of water in Gnomalath and Mahaxay districts.
  • Create canals in Nongkok village to prepare cultivation of new, irrigated paddy fields.
  • Continue technical training courses for the farmers,

Monitor the development of food security in the area (production level, price on markets).
As with the previous project, this action will be carried out in partnership with the PAFO farming departments.

Market gardening development in Mahaxay

Market gardening development in Mahaxay
Photo : Simon Gougis / TGH ©

Market gardening development in Mahaxay

Market gardening development in Mahaxay
Photo : Simon Gougis / TGH ©

Last updated July 20, 2017