Syria has been the scene of a civil war since March 2011, the extreme violence of which has led to the death of nearly 400,000 people and massive population displacements within the country, in neighbouring countries and in Europe.
While humanitarian needs continue to increase, aid workers face many obstacles to implement their interventions.
The stalemates in the conflict and the scale of the fighting have led to the intervention of foreign powers, and the country's instability has encouraged the establishment of terrorist groups. Nearly 5 million people have fled the country and Syrians are the largest refugee group in the world.
The governorate of Hama experienced a long period of siege and numerous offensives, both by the Syrian army and opposition forces, until the Syrian regime reconquered the region in May 2018. The displaced populations are beginning to return and the risk of attack in the neighbouring governorate of Idleb may cause further population movements to Hama, further increasing humanitarian needs . in a region where few humanitarian actors are present.
In November 2018, TGH began a 12-month programme in the water, hygiene and sanitation sector. The rehabilitation of boreholes and water storage facilities, as well as the replacement of maintenance equipment destroyed by the fighting and sometimes specifically targeted by the fighting forces, are being carried out. Hygiene promotion sessions and distribution of hygiene kits (family and women's only kits) are also planned.
Eastern Ghouta also experienced a long period of siege, and the offensive launched by the Syrian government in February 2018 proved more destructive than the fighting in Hama.
More than 12,000 people have reportedly died in this region since the beginning of the conflict. Like most infrastructures, water facilities have been severely affected, and the primary source of water is water transported by trucks or, in the worst case, untreated and therefore harmful sources of water.
Since May 2018, TGH has been distributing water via tanker trucks to two centres for displaced persons (now closed) and 21 villages, as well as installing maintenance equipment for water points.