Food security and livelihoods
In the “Food security and livelihoods” sector, TGH aims to give help to the victims of humanitarian crises and to those who are in difficult economic situations, so that they may be self-sufficient and feed themselves in a sustainable way. Its teams rely on a systemic and multi-disciplinary approach in order to understand the diverse and complex functioning of the societies in which they operate. This approach highlights the characteristics and the constraints of various ecosystems, the socio-economic organisation, as well as change dynamics and interactions between different elements, all analysed at different levels. It emphasises local strategies and know-how regarding the economic systems developed by households, interactions with local markets, and agricultural production capacities. The two key transversal approaches we propose and implement are firstly the restrictions and support to responses to climate change, and secondly, the link between agriculture and sensitive nutrition.
Post-crisis food security
- Input distribution (seeds, tools)
- Facilitating reconciliation in conflicts over land or water access
- Technical guidance (follow up, advice, training)
- Strengthening of producers’ capacity to develop sustainable activities (replenishment of seed stocks, etc.)
- Support in relaunching income-generating activities
Integrated projects for agricultural development, breeding and fishing
- Market gardens tree nurseries (setting up nurseries, introduction of new suitable varieties, support for irrigation, etc.)
- Experimenting and pilot cereal plots (varieties and technical processes) then outreach
- Promotion of agro-ecology and awareness raising on risks associated with synthetic chemical product use
- Breeding: animal health (vaccination, prophylaxis and animal treatment), nutrition and improvement of fodder resources (seed distribution and set up of exclosures)
- Integrated fish-farming
Capacity building of producer organisations
- Community workshops on traditional fishing boat construction
- Training of producers, trainers and rural development players
- Organisation of cereal seed producer groups
- Income generating activities
- Support for local food and agriculture organization (optimization of processing, collection and commercialisation)
- Professionalization of local producer units (cooperatives and other traditional collective organisations)
Natural resource management
- Development of agricultural and pastoral hydraulic systems (irrigated sectors, wells, water tanks)
- Soil conservation measures
- Biodiversity management
Improvement of eating habits
- Improvement and diversification of agricultural production
- Awareness raising on eating habits and on the agriculture-nutrition-health link (balance and food hygiene)
Water, hygiene and sanitation
Triangle Génération Humanitaire has acquired technical experience in the water, hygiene and sanitation sector through in the field interventions over several years. The nature of these interventions has varied according to the level of response required (emergencies, rehabilitation, development and food security). It is also able to respond effectively to local needs by setting up infrastructure that is adapted to the needs of vulnerable groups who have limited or no access to water or sanitation.
Improvement of living conditions projects related to water are supervised directly by the water, hygiene and sanitation technical unit, which values and guarantees the positive impact of projects implemented while taken into account the balance between resources, environment and population.
Access to drinking water
- Construction and / or rehabilitation of wells, drilling and harnessing
- Protection of resource from contamination
- Installation of water pumping by manually or mechanically (electric, solar…etc.) operated pumps
- Creation / rehabilitation of water supply networks (gravity-fed systems, simplified in rural areas, urban networks)
- Installation of treatment systems (filtering, decantation, chlorination…etc.) to ensure drinking water quality
- Creation / consolidation of community water management systems (support for financial, technical and organisational empowerment)
- Technical and water management training
- Provision of drinking water in emergency situations (tank trucks, distribution ramps)
- Construction and / or repair of domestic and public latrines
- Waste recycling (composting, eco-sanitation, biogas… etc)
- Renovation of waste water drainage networks
- Management and recycling of domestic waste
- Fight against vectors of water-related diseases (mosquitoes, flies, rodents…) and malaria prevention
- Implementation of CLTS1 (ATPC) methodology
- Participative Approach (PHAST methodology2, KAP3 surveys, PRA4...)
- Trainer training
- Population awareness sessions
- Communication materials (posters, banners, booklets, radio spots…)
1 Community-Led Total Sanitation
2 Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation
3 Knowledge, Attitude Practice
4 Participatory Rural Appraisal
Education and protection
Education and protection programmes have been part of Triangle G H's activities from its very inception. Triangle G H's aid workers are in fact convinced that beyond the material aid provided to populations in need, another level of action is required. In the regions where we operate, children, adolescents and their families need to be guided to be able to cope with the disruption in their lives, with the trauma they have just experienced, and with the precarious conditions of their current situation as refugees, displaced people, or «returnees». These programmes are systematically carried out with local human resources and in partnership with the community, which, through its involvement, rebuilds and regains its identity.
- Educational support for children and adolescents with specific needs: handicapped children, orphans, abandoned or unaccompanied children, or those suffering from trauma related to war, exile, or natural disasters, etc.
- Educational activities based on: multi-faceted games; various learning techniques; activities helping beneficiaries express their difficulties and the development of their skills.
Recognition of populations' social and psychological difficulties
- Presence, listening and dialogue after traumatic events,
- Search for tangible ways to restore social bonds and handle conflict,
- Support for the elaboration of community projects,
- Psychosocial support for people facing serious difficulty or for particularly vulnerable groups in beneficiary communities.
Guidance in the management or creation of educational and/or social structures
- Educational spaces for children with motor, sensory, mental, psychic or social handicaps,
- Community resource centres,
- Elementary schools and non-formal education spaces,
- Psychological care facilities for women victims of violence and for the elderly.
Elaboration of training schemes
- Training of education and protection actors (youth workers, educators, social workers, directors, administrators, teachers, etc.) in their educational and/or social tasks: technical training, promotion of leaders, refresher courses,
- Vocational training and apprenticeship workshops for adolescents or adults (formal or non-formal education): Catering, hotel management, cooking, sewing, embroidery, electricity, mechanics, carpentry, computer science etc.
Civil engineering and construction
Civil engineering and construction are components, which essentially join with project actions linked to other sectors developed in Triangle Génération Humanitaire’s technical division. Reservoirs, cesspools, drainage channels, or latrine blocks will be produced in accordance with the water access sector, hygiene and sanitation. The rural development and food security sector will see the construction of livestock or storage or processing buildings, or renovation of bridges, roads, and irrigation work, or reduction of risks related to natural catastrophes. Finally, in the socio-educational and psychosocial areas, the construction of professional training, provision or teaching centres are the main construction-related activities.
Civil Engineering and infrastructure
- Reprofiling, drainage and road and track maintenance,
- Repair and maintenance of bridges and jetties,
- Waste management and recycling; incinerators, drainage channels, cesspools and waste water treatment,
- And in gabions, dykes, drainage channels,
- Prevention and reduction of catastrophe-related risks (DRR): dykes, flood re-fitting
- Construction of storage reservoirs: reinforced concrete, masonry, ferrocement
- Construction of public and domestic latrines,
- Repair and construction of livestock buildings and greenhouses,
- Repair and construction of silos,
- Construction of schools,
- Repair of clinics and hospitals
- Construction of training centres,
- Bioclimatic approach and integration of renewable energy linked technologies.