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YEMEN

In 2011, the Arab spring protests spread to Yemen further undermining the already precarious political balance affected by the open conflict between the central government and Houthi rebels in the Saada region to the north of the country. The resulting instability and undermining of the central government prolonged and intensified the civil war, which rapidly spread across the entire eastern half of the country, involving various regional powers, in particular Saudi Arabia, Iran and the UAE. Today, Yemen is a profoundly divided country. The Houthi rebels control a third of the country to the north-east, including the strategic port of Hodeida. The legitimate government has a precarious hold on the territories to the south, where the influence of the separatist movement is greater than it even has been since the 1994 civil war, and to the west where the Islamist movements are particularly active.

The humanitarian crisis caused by the conflict remains one of the largest and most severe in the world, and continues to deteriorate due to the ongoing fighting and the disastrous economic situation. The total breakdown in the provision of essential services has added new contributing factors to the existing humanitarian crisis, as demonstrated by the outbreak of a cholera epidemic in 2016 which affected more than one million Yemenis and caused 3,000 deaths, as well as the onset of diseases previously not present in the country, such as dengue fever, due to the extremely poor sanitary conditions. The current Covid-19 pandemic is another major risk which may cause a further deterioration in the crisis, both from a public health perspective and in terms of its impact on the already problematic socio-economic conditions which mean Yemen is today exposed to a risk of famine, according to the United Nations.

CURRENT PROGRAMMES

Child collecting water before the program, photo Sanad Anis, TGH

Emergency response to improve sanitation for Yemeni populations exposed to the ongoing crisis and epidemics

Water, hygiene and sanitation
  • Funding: Vitol Foundation, French Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Crisis and Support Centre
  • Beneficiaries: 27,207 persons
  • Duration: 12 months – From 01/01/2021 to 12/31/2021
  • Budget: 582,000 euros

The project aims to respond to the economic difficulties and failings in the water and sanitation services faced by the most vulnerable populations in the city of Aden, in a context of epidemic outbreaks and the resurgence of waterborne diseases.

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COMPLETED PROGRAMMES

May 2011 / April 2014

Integrated food security project

This program aims to help increase food production through the construction or rehabilitation of protection structures against floods and spate irrigation.

January 2009 / December 2011

Development and promotion of a socially and ecologically friendly agriculture

Extending its previous project, TGH continues to provide a proximity support to the groups of market gardeners in Socotra, and follows the products’ marketing as well as the duplication of local seeds.

January 2010 / December 2011

Towards the restoration of the farming productive capacities of households

The valley of Tareem has been particularly struck by the floods in October 2008, as was the valley of wadi Sah.

January 2008 / May 2011

Integrated Food Safety

Based on a definition of the concept of food security allying food consumption and state of health – a definition stemming from the work of the World Food Security Committee. Marawah district, Hodeidah Governorat

January 2009 / June 2011

Integrated economic security project

The still delicate stability of the Governorate of Shabwah is one of the avatars of the area’s economic decline. TGH intervenes within the frame of a three-year project in order to establish improved farming practices and help boost declining agricultural and animal production. Districts of Mayfaah and Rudoom

June 2010 / May 2011

Emergency support to victims of the conflict

TGH continues its operations, launched in 2009, for IDPs in Al Mazraq area. While return movements were initiated in 2010, a number of families have stayed in the camps, and do not wish to return to their original villages.

June 2009 / May 2010

Towards restoring the farming capacities

In the direct continuity of the first rehabilitation programme also supported by TEPY, TGH is still committed to the cause of the populations living on the banks of wadi Sah, the victims of exceptional floods in October 2008.

April 2010 / June 2010

Emergency relief for displaced people in Al Mazraq

Despite the peace agreement signed between the Al Houtis rebels of Saada Province and the Yemenite government, the sixth war triggered further displacement of vulnerable people Al Mazraq refugee camp.

November 2009 / March 2010

Emergency support to the displaced populations

Where as the sixth war of the conflict which has been opposing the Al Houtis rebels of the North to the Yemeni government since 2004 intensifies, the flow of displaced civil populations continues unceasingly.

January 2007 / December 2008

Further Development of Irrigated Agriculture

This new project, incorporated in Triangle's action on the island of Socotra, involves two new areas: Qalansiya (at the north-west point of the island) and the Nogud Plain (south of the island).

January 2006 / April 2007

Supply Drinking Water and Improve Sanitary Conditions

This programme is designed to meet the water and hygiene needs of 10,296 people living in 17 villages in the districts of Al Museimer, Al Madareba, Al Ara and Tor al Baha, all located in a sub-desert area of the Lahej gouvernorat.

June 2006 / December 2006

Stimulation of Infant Development

Dar Sa'ad is one of Aden's eight districts and among the poorest; some 80,000 people live there, mainly members of vulnerable communities – Somali and Ethiopian refugees, "Akhdam" groups, Yemeni families with very low income.

September 2004 / December 2006

Development of Market-Garden Crops

This programme, launched in November 2004, aims to increase the production of fruit and vegetables in secluded villages on the island of Socotra and thus improve the islanders' nutritional status and food safety.

1998 / 2005

Assistance to Somali and Ethiopian Refugees

This aid programme for Somali and Ethiopian refugees was renewed annually from 1998 to 2005.

March 2005 / May 2005

Research Project: Water and Sanitation Requirements

This research project, performed in close partnership with two NGOs named Dia and Coopi, had two objectives: improve the definition of priority needs in terms of water and sanitisation; plan future projects for vulnerable populations in the three governorates.

March 2004 / February 2005

Supply Drinking Water and Improve Sanitary Conditions

The Wadi Masila is an isolated and forgotten area in East Yemen where the natural and climactic conditions are particularly hostile.

November 1999 / October 2003

Rehabilitation of Agricultural Infrastructures

The region of Hadramaout, located east of Yemen suffers from regular flooding. Triangle first intervened in 1999 to protect agricultural land and villages against floods and ground erosion while developing the irrigation system.

October 2002 / May 2003

Socotra, an Island between Two Worlds

Directed by Didier Dematons, this 52-minute documentary presents the mechanisms allowing populations to benefit from the humanitarian aid granted by the European Union.

July 2000 / April 2001

Rehabilitation of the Waterworks System on the Island of Socotra

Draught, flooding and other severe climatic events have severely damaged the Socotra archipelago, and in response to the European Commission’s Master Plan, we launched rehabilitation and construction of the potable water system in several villages of the Diksam, Momi and Riyad Ilkishin in 2000 and 2001.